Martial arts are different forms of fighting with hands, legs and / or weapons, which are practiced for a variety of reasons: as self-defense, military and law enforcement applications; as competition, physical fitness, mental and spiritual development. There are lots of martial arts around the globe, with may be each of the countries having their martial arts, but we mention here few of them only.
Martial arts may be categorized along a variety of criteria, including:
- Traditional or historical arts vs. contemporary styles of folk wrestling and modern hybrid martial arts.
- Techniques taught: Armed vs. unarmed, and within these groups by type of weapon (swordsmanship, stick fighting) and by type of combat (grappling vs. striking; stand-up fighting vs. ground fighting)
- By application or intent: self-defense, combat sport, choreography or demonstration of forms, physical fitness, meditation, etc.
- Within Chinese tradition: “external””internal” styles
Unarmed martial arts can be broadly formed into concentrating on strikes, those on grappling and those that cover both fields, often described as hybrid martial arts.
- Punching: Wing Chun
- Kicking: Capoeira, Taekwondo
- Others using strikes:Karate, Muay Thai, Burmese Lethwei, Chinese Martial Arts like Wushu (or Kung Fu), Tai Chi Chuan (or Taijiquan)
- Throwing & Pinning: Hapkido, Judo, Sumo Wrestling, Wrestling (Modern – Greeco-Roman)
- Joint lock/Chokeholds/Submission holds: Aikido, Hapkido, Jujutsu
Hybrid Martial Arts
- Japanese martial arts like Kenjutsu and Kendo (sword), Bojutsu (staff)
Martial arts can be practiced by anyone but people having chronic diseases like heart problems, lungs problems, back problems, etc. should not practice them. It is dangerous; otherwise, they make you fit and perfect with lots of positives carrying with them like supreme fitness, self-confidence, heightened mental awareness, self-defense.